The City of Saint Paul
The city limits of the City of Saint Paul consist of the entirety of Saint Paul Island and three geographical miles beyond the island into the Bering Sea. The island is accessible only by sea and air. The City was incorporated in 1971 under the laws of the State of Alaska and became a Second Class City, thereby assuming the responsibility and authority to provide public services from the United States government. Within the City is a paved runway, 6,500’ in length and 200’ wide, which is owned and maintained by the State of Alaska. Peninsula Airways (PenAir) provides regularly scheduled passenger and mail flights from Anchorage. Most equipment, supplies and freight arrive by vessels from Seattle, Washington or Dutch Harbor, Alaska. Also located within the City are the local offices for Tanadgusix Village Corporation, the Aleut Community of Saint Paul Island ( federally recognized Tribe), Trident (an onshore fish processing plant), National Weather Service Station, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
The Pribilof Islands comprise a five-island archipelago located in the southeastern Bering Sea about 300 miles west of the Alaska coast and 800 miles west-southwest of Anchorage. Saint Paul is the largest of the Pribilof Islands, and only St. Paul and its neighbor St. George are inhabited. St. Paul is about 44 square miles in area and is home to approximately 480 people. Fishing is the primary source of economic activity yielding primarily Opilio crab and halibut, both of which are processed on the island. St. Paul Island has been described as the “Galapagos of the North,” due to the yearly migration of over 211 bird species and 800,000 northern fur seals. The climate of St. Paul is arctic maritime. The Bering Sea location results in cool weather year round and a narrow range of mean temperatures varying from 19 to 52. Average precipitation is 25 inches, with snowfall of 56 inches. Heavy fog is common during the summer months.